List of tallest buildings and structures in the world

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File:Burjdubaiaug92007.jpg
The under construction Burj Dubai in Dubai, United Arab Emirates is the world's current tallest freestanding structure on land, rising Template:M to ft. When completed, it is planned to rise over Template:M to ft.

While determining the world's tallest structure has generally been straightforward, the definition of the world's tallest building or the world's tallest tower is less clear. The disputes generally center on what should be counted as a building or a tower, and what is being measured.

In terms of absolute height, the tallest structures are currently the dozens of radio and television broadcasting towers which measure over 600 meters (about 2,000 feet) in height. There is, however, some debate about:

  • whether structures under construction should be included in the list
  • whether structures rising out of water should have their below-water height included.

For towers, there is debate over:

  • whether guy-wire-supported structures should be counted

For buildings, there is debate over:

  • whether communication towers with observation galleries should be considered habitable buildings.
  • whether only habitable height is considered.
  • whether roof-top antennas should be considered towards height of buildings; with particular interest in whether components that look like spires can be either classified as antennas or architectural detail.

These debates will likely lose some relevance during 2008-2009, as buildings currently under construction in Dubai (Burj Dubai and a competitor, Al Burj) are planned to exceed all other existing structures in height, including guyed TV towers.

Tallest structures

The tallest standing structure is the KVLY-TV mast 30 miles north of Fargo, North Dakota United States, at Template:M to ft. It is a transmission antenna, consisting of a bare metal structure supported by guy-wires.

Transmission antennas of this type are not usually included with the world's tallest buildings because they are not self-supporting. The issue is further complicated if all manmade habitable structures are considered. Under that criterion it is possible to claim 'tallest structure' records for deep mine-shafts, or the Mohole drilling rig, which can be several miles (8-10 km) in vertical length.

File:Toronto's CN Tower.jpg
The CN Tower in Toronto, Ontario was the world's tallest freestanding structure on land from 1975 until the Burj Dubai surpassed it in 2007, rising Template:M to ft. It is currently the world's tallest completed freestanding structure on land.

The CN Tower in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, standing at Template:M to ft, was the world's tallest freestanding structure on land from 1976 until September 12, 2007, when it was overtaken in height by the under construction Burj Dubai.<ref>http://www.cbc.ca/canada/story/2007/09/12/cntower-surpassed.html?ref=rss</ref> It has the world's highest public observation deck at Template:M to ft. It remains the world's tallest completed freestanding structure, pending the Burj Dubai's completion (projected for 2008).

The Petronius Platform stands Template:M to ft, leading some to claim it as the tallest freestanding structure in the world. However, as this oil and natural gas platform is partially supported by wires, critics argue that it is not freestanding, and the below-water height should not be counted, in the same manner as underground 'height' is not taken into account in buildings.

The Troll A platform is Template:M to ft, without any part of that height being supported by wires.

Taipei 101 in Taipei, Taiwan is currently the world's tallest inhabited building in three out the four main categories that are commonly measured: at Template:M to ft as measured to its architectural height as well as roof height Template:M to ft and highest occupied floor Template:M to ft. The Sears Tower is highest in the last category: the highest current height to the top of antenna of any building in the world at Template:M to ft.

However, the Burj Dubai, which is scheduled for completion in 2008 or 2009, will break most existing records, being taller than any building in all four categories by a wide margin. The CN Tower will maintain its record of the world's highest observation deck as Burj Dubai's deck will be at Template:M to ft.<ref>CTV.ca Dubai building surpasses CN Tower in height, September 13, 2007</ref> While the final height has not been released to the public, the developers state that the building will be at least Template:M to ft. The 'Symbol of Dubai', will have more than 160 floors, 56 elevators, apartments, shops, swimming pools, spas, corporate suites, and will be Template:M to ft tall. With the spire included, the final height will be more than Template:Unit m , but Emaar, the developer, is keeping structural details secret due to competition for the "world's tallest" with other proposed buildings, including the nearby Al Burj. <ref>BBC News, Dubai skyscraper world's tallest</ref> As of September 3 2007, the tower's developers reported the Burj Dubai's height to be Template:Convert, with 148 completed floors<ref>Current height as reported at www.burjdubai.com/</ref>, surpassing Taipei 101 as the tallest high-rise building in the world. <ref>[http://www.burjdubaiskyscraper.com/index.html Burjdubaiskyscarper.com</ref> As of September 14, 2007, The Burj Dubai is the world's tallest freestanding structure at 555.3m (1821.85 ft) height and 150 stories. Burj Dubai is now taller by 2 meters than the previous tallest freestanding structure, the CN Tower in Toronto, which held the record since 1976. Burj Dubai is also set to surpass the KVLY/KTHI television mast in Blanchard, North Dakota, which is the tallest structure on earth at 628.8 meters.

Tallest structure by category

Template:Refimprovesect Due to the disagreements over how to measure and classify structures, engineers have created various definitions for categories of buildings and other structures. One measurement includes the absolute height of a building, another includes only spires and other permanent architectural features, but not antennas. The tradition of including the spire on top of a building and not including the antenna dates back to the rivalry between the Chrysler Building and 40 Wall Street. A modern-day example is that the antenna on top of the Sears tower are not considered part of its architectural height, while the spires on top of the Petronas towers are counted.

Category Structure Country City Height (m) Height (ft)
TV Mast KVLY-TV mast Template:USA Blanchard 628.8 2,063
Skyscraper (under construction) - all categories Burj Dubai Template:UAE Dubai 564.9 1,853<ref>{{
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}}</ref> |- ||Tower|| CN Tower || Template:CAN|| Toronto, Ontario || 553.3 || 1,815 |- |Skyscraper (completed only) - to top of antenna ||Sears Tower|| Template:USA || Chicago || 527.3 || 1,730 |- |Skyscraper (completed only) - to top of spire ||Taipei 101|| Template:Flagicon Republic of China (Taiwan) || Taipei || 509.2 || 1,671 |- |Research tower ||BREN-Tower|| Template:USA || NTS (Jackass Flats, Nevada) || 465 || 1,525 |- |Twin Towers|| Petronas Twin Towers || Template:MYS|| Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia || 452 || 1,482 |- |Skyscraper (completed only) - to building roof||Taipei 101|| Template:Flagicon Republic of China (Taiwan) || Taipei || 449.2 || 1,474 |- |Skyscraper (completed only) - to highest occupied floor|| Taipei 101 || Template:Flagicon Republic of China (Taiwan) || Taipei || 439.2 || 1,441 |- |Chimney ||GRES-2 Power Station|| Template:KAZ || Ekibastusz || 419.7 || 1,377 |- |Lattice tower||Kiev TV Tower|| Template:UKR || Kiev || 385 || 1,263 |- |Partially guyed tower||Gerbrandy Tower|| Template:NLD || IJsselstein || 366.8 || 1,203 |- |Electricity Pylon|| Yangtze River Crossing || Template:PRC || Jiangyin || 346.5 || 1,137 |- |Mixed Use (completed only) ||John Hancock Center|| Template:USA || Chicago || 344 || 1,127 |- |Bridge pillar||Millau Viaduct|| Template:FRA || Millau || 342 || 1,122 |- |Freestanding Steel Tower|| Tokyo Tower || Template:JPN || Minato-ku, Tokyo || 332.6 || 1,091 |- |Iron Tower||Eiffel Tower|| Template:FRA || Paris || 324 || 1,063 |- |Skyscraper||Q1 Building|| Template:AUS || Gold Coast || 322.5 || 1,058 |- |Five-sided building||JPMorgan Chase Tower|| Template:USA || Houston || 305 || 1,002 |- |Dam||Nurek Dam|| Template:TJK || Nurek || 300 || 984<ref>{{

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}}</ref> |- ||Skyscraper||Eureka Tower|| Template:AUS || Melbourne || 297 || 974 |- ||Concrete dam||Grande Dixence Dam|| Template:CHE || Val d'Hérens || 285 || 935 |- ||Skyscraper||Vision|| Template:AUS || Brisbane || 283 || 928 |- ||Skyscraper||480 Queen St|| Template:AUS || Brisbane || 275 || 902 |- ||Skyscraper||120 Collins St|| Template:AUS || Melbourne || 262 || 859 |- |Bridge pillar||Storebæltsbroen|| Template:DEN || Korsør || 254 || 833 |- |Micro Wave Tower||Sentech Tower|| Template:RSA || Johannesburg || 234 || 768 |- |Minaret||Hassan II Mosque|| Template:MAR || Casablanca || 210 || 689 |- |Wind turbine||Fuhrländer Wind Turbine Laasow|| Template:DEU || Laasow, Brandenburg || 205 || 673 |- |Cooling Tower||Niederaussem Power Station|| Template:DEU || Niederaussem || 200 || 656 |- |Monument||Gateway Arch|| Template:USA || St. Louis, Missouri || 192 || 630 |- |Inclined structure
Stadium || Montreal Olympic Stadium || Template:CAN|| Montreal, Quebec || 175 || 574 |- |Masonry tower||San Jacinto Monument|| Template:USA || La Porte, Texas || 174 || 570 |- |Church Building||Chicago Temple Building|| Template:USA || Chicago || 173 || 568 |- |Obelisk || Washington Monument|| Template:USA || Washington, D.C. || 169.3 || 555.5 |- |Masonry building||Philadelphia City Hall|| Template:USA || Philadelphia || 167 || 548 |- |Observation wheel ||The Star of Nanchang || Template:PRC || Nanchang|| 162 || 531 |- |Church tower||Ulm Cathedral|| Template:DEU || Ulm || 161 || 528 |- |Industrial hall ||Vehicle Assembly Building|| Template:USA || Kennedy Space Center || 160 || 525 |- |Steel Tower||Blackpool Tower|| Template:UK || Blackpool || 158 || 518 |- |Memorial cross ||Santa Cruz del Valle de los Caídos|| Template:ESP || El Escorial|| 152.4 || 500 |- |Tomb ||Great Pyramid of Giza|| Template:EGY || Giza, Cairo || 138.8
originally 146.6 || 455.2
480.9 |- |Air traffic control tower || Suvarnabhumi Airport Control Tower || Template:THA || Bangkok, Thailand || 132.2 || 433.7 |- |Roller coaster ||Kingda Ka|| Template:USA || Jackson, New Jersey|| 138.98 || 456 |- |Flagpole, free-standing ||Aqaba Flagpole|| Template:JOR || Aqaba || 132 || 430 |- |Concrete Tower ||Pirelli Tower|| Template:ITA || Milan || 127.1 || 417 |- |Equilateral Pentagon ||Baltimore World Trade Center || Template:USA || Baltimore || 123.5 || 405 |- |Statue (w/ pedestal) || Ushiku Daibutsu Bronze Buddha Statue || Template:JPN || Ushiku || 120 || 416 |- |Storage silo || Henninger Turm || Template:DEU || Frankfurt || 120 || 394 |- |Sculpture ||Spire of Dublin|| Template:IRL || Dublin || 120 || 393 |- |Light advertisement ||Bayer Cross Leverkusen|| Template:DEU || Leverkusen || 118 || 387 |- |Wooden structure || Gliwice Radio Tower || Template:POL || Gliwice || 118 || 387 |- |Bank || MCB Tower || Template:PAK || Karachi || 116 || 381 |- |Aerial tramway support tower ||Pillar of third section of Gletscherbahn Kaprun|| Template:AUT|| Kaprun || 113.6 || 373 |- |-Casa Presei Libere || Template:RO || Bucharest || 100.0 || - |- |Flagpole, of regularly hoisted flag ||Mastro da Praça dos Três Poderes|| Template:BRA || Brasília || 100 || 328 |- |Clock Tower || Clock Tower, Palace of Westminster || Template:UK || London || 96.3 || 316 |- |Pre-modern Chinese pagoda||Liaodi Pagoda||Template:PRC||Ding County, Hebei|| 84 || 275 |- |Lantern Tower || Boston Stump || Template:UK || Boston, Lincolnshire || 83.05 || 272 |- |Statue (w/o pedestal) || Mamayev Kurgan || Template:RUS || Volgograd || 82 || 269 |- |Brick minaret || Qutub Minar || Template:IND || Delhi || 72.5 || 237.8 |- |Monolithic obelisk || Tuthmosis II Obelisk || Template:ITA || San Giovanni in Laterano || 36 || 118.1

|}

Tallest destroyed structures by category, not surpassed by existing structures

There are some destroyed architectural structures which were taller than the tallest existing structure of their type.

Category Structure Country City Height (m) Height (ft) Remarks
Supported structure Warsaw Radio Mast Template:POL Gąbin 646.38 2,121 completed in 1974, collapsed on August 8th, 1991
Skyscraper World Trade Center Template:USA New York 526.3 1,727 (antenna) completed in 1972, destroyed in the September 11, 2001 attacks
Wooden structure Mühlacker Wood Radio Tower Template:DEU Mühlacker 190 623 completed in 1934, destroyed on April 6th, 1945 by Germans to prevent usage by the Allies of World War II.
Masonry building Mole Antonelliana Template:ITA Torino 167.5 549.5 spire destroyed by hurricane in 1953
Pre-Industrial Era building Lincoln Cathedral Template:UK Lincoln 160 524 completed in 1311, spire blown off in 1549

Tallest building by function

Category Structure Country City Architectural top
m ft
Mixed Use* Burj Dubai** Template:UAE Dubai 565 (of est. 818) 1,853 (of est. 2,684)
Office Taipei 101 Template:Flagicon Taiwan Taipei 509 1,671
Mixed Use* (completed only) John Hancock Center Template:USA Chicago 344 1,127
Residential Q1 Template:AUS Gold Coast, Queensland 322.5 1,059
Hotel Rose Tower Template:UAE Dubai 333 1,093
Hotel (completed only) Burj al-Arab Template:UAE Dubai 321 1,053
Educational Moscow State University Template:RUS Moscow 240 787
Hospital Guy's Hospital Template:UK London, England 143 468
Library W. E. B. DuBois Library Template:USA Amherst, Massachusetts 116 381
Cinema Cineworld, Renfrew Street Template:UK Glasgow, Scotland 61.8 203

* Mixed Use is defined as having both residential and office space.

** As Burj Dubai is still under construction and not yet inhabitable, it currently does not serve a specific function. Upon completion, it will serve as a mixed use building.

Tallest buildings

File:Skyscrapercompare.svg
Comparison of top skyscrapers with measurements to top of antenna
File:Tallest Buildings new.PNG
Current skyscrapers compared with notable proposed skyscrapers.

Up until 1998 the tallest building status was essentially uncontested. Counting buildings as structures with floors throughout, and with antenna masts excluded, the Sears Tower in Chicago was considered the tallest. When the Petronas Twin Towers in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia were built, controversy arose because the spire extended nine meters higher than the roof of the Sears Tower. Excluding the spire, the Petronas Towers are not taller than the Sears Tower. At their convention in Chicago, the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) reduced the Sears Tower from world's tallest and pronounced it not second tallest, but third, and pronounced Petronas as world's tallest. This action caused a considerable amount of controversy, so CTBUH defined four categories in which the world's tallest building can be measured:

  1. Height to the structural or architectural top (including spires and pinnacles, but not antennas, masts or flagpoles)
  2. Height to the highest occupied floor
  3. Height to the top of the roof
  4. Height to the top of antenna

The height is measured from the pavement level of the main entrance. At the time, the Sears Tower held first place in the second and third categories. Petronas held the first category, and the original World Trade Towers held the fourth. Within months, however, a new antenna mast was placed on the Sears Tower, giving it hold of the fourth category. On April 20, 2004, the Taipei 101 in Taipei, Taiwan, was completed. Its completion gave it the world record for the first three categories. On July 212007 it was announced that the Burj Dubai had surpassed Taipei 101 in height, reaching 512 m (1,680 feet) tall. However Burj Dubai is still under construction.

Today, Taipei 101 leads in the first category with 509 m (1,671 feet); in the second category with an occupied floor at 439 m (1,441 feet); and in the third category with 449 m (1,474 feet). The first category was formerly held by the Petronas Twin Towers with 452 m (1,483 feet), and before that by Sears Tower with 442 m (1,451 feet). The second and third categories were held by the Sears Tower, with 412 m (1,351 feet) and 442 m (1,451 feet) respectively.

The Sears Tower still leads in the fourth category with 527 m (1,729 feet), previously held by the World Trade Center until the extension of the Chicago tower's western broadcast antenna in 2000, over a year prior to the Trade Center's destruction in 2001. Its antenna mast included, 1 World Trade Center measured 526 m (1,727 feet). The World Trade Center became the world's tallest buildings to be destroyed or demolished; indeed, its site entered the record books twice on September 11, 2001, in that category, replacing the Singer Building, which once stood a block from the WTC site.{{#if:||{{#if:Category:Articles with unsourced statements|[[Category:Articles with unsourced statements {{#if:February 2007|{{#if:|from|since}} February 2007}}]]}}}}{{#if:citation needed|[citation needed]|}}{{#if:||{{#if:February 2007|{{#ifexist:Category:Articles with unsourced statements since February 2007||}}|}}}}

The Ostankino Tower and the CN Tower are excluded from these categories because they are not "habitable buildings", which are defined as frame structures made with floors and walls throughout.

History of record holders in each CTBUH category

Date (Event) Architectural top Highest occupied floor Rooftop Antenna
2008: Burj Dubai est. completion Burj Dubai Burj Dubai Burj Dubai Burj Dubai
2003: Taipei 101 completed Taipei 101 Taipei 101 Taipei 101 Sears Tower
2000: Sears Tower antenna extension Petronas Towers Sears Tower Sears Tower Sears Tower
1998: Petronas Towers completed Petronas Towers Sears Tower Sears Tower World Trade Center
1996: CTBUH defines categories Sears Tower Sears Tower Sears Tower World Trade Center

World's tallest freestanding structure on land

Freestanding structures include observation towers, monuments and other structures not generally considered to be "buildings", but excludes supported structures such as guyed masts and ocean drilling platforms. (See also history of tallest skyscrapers.)

The world's tallest freestanding structure on land is defined as the tallest self-supporting man-made structure that stands above ground. This definition is different from that of world's tallest building or world's tallest structure based on the percent of the structure that is occupied and whether or not it is self-supporting or supported by exterior cables. Likewise, this definition does not count structures that are built underground or on the seabed, such as the Petronius Platform in the Gulf of Mexico. Visit world's tallest structure by category for a list of various other definitions.

As of September 2007, the tallest freestanding structure on land is the still under construction Burj Dubai in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. The building, which now stands at 564.9 meters (1,853 ft), surpassed the height of the previous record holder, the 553.33 meter (1,815 ft) CN Tower in Toronto, Ontario, on September 12, 2007. It is scheduled to be completed in 2009, and is planned to rise to a height of over 800 meters (2,625 ft).

History

The following is a list of structures that have held the title as the tallest freestanding structure on land.

Held record Name and Location Constructed Height (m) Height (ft) Notes
From To
c. 2600 BC c. 2570 BC Red Pyramid of Sneferu, Egypt c. 2600 BC 105 345  
c. 2570 BC c. AD 1300 Great Pyramid of Giza, Egypt c. 2570 BC 146 481 By AD 1439, the Great Pyramid had eroded to a height of approximately 139 m (455 ft).
c. 1300 1549 Lincoln Cathedral, England 1092–1311 160 525 The central spire was destroyed in a storm in 1549. While the reputed height of 525 ft is doubted by A.F. Kendrick,<ref>http://gwydir.demon.co.uk/PG/BellsLincoln/BellsLincoln.htm</ref> other sources agree on this height.
1549 1625 St. Olaf's Church, Tallinn, Estonia 1438–1519 159 522 The spire burnt down after a lightning strike in 1625 and was rebuilt several times. The current height is 123 m
1625 1874 Strasbourg Cathedral, France 1439 142 469
1874 1876 St. Nikolai, Hamburg, Germany 1846–1874 147 483
1876 1880 Cathédrale Notre Dame, Rouen, France 1202–1876 151 495  
1880 1884 Cologne Cathedral, Germany 1248–1880 157 515
1884 1889 Washington Monument, United States 1884 169 555  
1889 1930 Eiffel Tower, Paris, France 1889 300 986 The addition of a telecommunications tower in the 1950s brought the overall height to 324 m.
1930 1931 Chrysler Building, New York, United States 1928–1930 319 1,046
1931 1967 Empire State Building, New York, United States 1930–1931 381 1,250  
1967 1975 Ostankino Tower, Moscow, Russia 1963–1967 537 1,762 Remains the tallest in Europe
1975 2007 CN Tower, Toronto, Canada 1973–1976 553 1,815 The CN Tower also features the highest public observation deck in the world.
2007 Burj Dubai, Dubai, United Arab Emirates 2004–2008 565* 1,853* Surpassed the height of CN Tower in September 2007. Still officially under construction. Estimated to rise higher than 800 meters (2,625 ft) when completed in 2008.

Notable mentions include the Pharos (lighthouse) of Alexandria, built in the third century BC, and estimated between 115 to 135 meters (383–440 ft). It was the world's tallest non-pyramidal building for many centuries. Another notable mention includes the Jetavanaramaya stupa in Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka, which was built in the third century, and was similarly tall at 122 meters (400 ft). These were both the world's tallest or second tallest non-pyramidal buildings for over a thousand years.

The tallest secular building between the collapse of the Pharos and the erection of the Washington Monument may have been the Torre del Mangia in Siena, which is 102 m tall, and was constructed in the first half of the fourteenth century, and the 97 m tall Torre degli Asinelli in Bologna, also Italy, built between 1109 and 1119.

* This is the current height of Burj Dubai, as of October 2007. When completed, it is expected to rise over Template:M to ft

Timeline of world's tallest chimney

Since the beginning of the industrial revolution, tall chimneys were built, at the beginning with bricks, and later also of concrete or steel. Although chimneys never held the absolute height record, they are among the tallest free-standing architectural structures and often hold national records (as tallest free-standing or as overall tallest structure of a country). In the future, things may change if solar updraft towers (large chimney-like structures) are built.

Unfortunately very little information about the timeline of the world's tallest chimneys is available and so the following table of their development, based on entries from the list of chimneys is lacking information:

Held record Name and Location Constructed Height (m) Height (ft) Notes
From To
 1889  1919 Halsbrücker Esse, Halsbrücke, Germany  1889 140 459
 1919  ? Anaconda Smelter Stack, Anaconda, Montana, USA  1919 178.3 585 Tallest chimney built of bricks
 1962  1967 Chimney of Schilling Power Station, Stade, Germany  1962 300 984
 1967  1970 Chimney of Lippendorf Power Station, Lippendorf, Germany  1967 300 984
 1970  1971 Chimney of Cumberland Power Plant, Cumberland City, USA  1970 305 1001
 1971  1987 Inco Superstack, Copper Cliff, Ontario, Canada  1971 380 1247
 1987   GRES-2 Power Station, Ekibastusz, Kazakhstan  1987 419.7 1410

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Timeline of guyed structures on land

As most of the tallest structures are guyed masts and the absolute height record of architectural structures on land is since 1954 kept by them, here is a timeline of world's tallest guyed masts, since the beginning of radio technology.

As many large guyed masts were destroyed at the end of World War II, the dates for the years between 1945 and 1950 may be incorrect. If the 365.25 meter (1,200 ft) tall central tower of NSS Annapolis was already built before 1945, it was the tallest guyed structure between 1945 and 1950.

Held record Name and Location Constructed Height (m) Height (ft) Notes
From To
 1913  1920 Central mast of Eilvese transmitter, Eilvese, Germany  1913 250 820 Mast was divided in 145 meters by an insulator, demolished in 1931
 1920  1923 Central masts of Nauen Transmitting Station, Nauen, Germany  1920 260 853 2 masts, demolished in 1946
 1923  1933 Masts of Ruiselede transmitter, Ruiselede, Belgium  1923 287 942 8 masts, destroyed in 1940
 1933  1939 Lakihegy Tower, Lakihegy, Hungary  1933 314 1,031 Blaw-Knox Tower, insulated against ground, destroyed in 1945, afterwards rebuilt
 1939  1945 Deutschlandsender Herzberg/Elster, Herzberg (Elster), Germany  1939 335 1,099 insulated against ground, dismantled in 1945
 1945  1948 Blaw-Knox Tower Liblice, Liblice, Czech  1936 280.4 920 Demolished on October 17th, 1972 by explosives. Replaced in 1976 by 2 355 masts.
 1948  1949 WIVB-TV Tower, Colden, New York, USA  1948 321.9 1,056
 1949  1950 Longwave transmitter Raszyn, Raszyn, Poland  1949 335 1,099 insulated against ground
 1950  1954 Forestport Tower, Forestport, New York, USA  1950 371.25 1,218 insulated against ground
 1954  1959 Griffin Television Tower Oklahoma, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, USA  1954 480.5 1,576  
 1956  1959 KOBR-TV Tower, Caprock, New Mexico, USA  1956 490.7 1,610 Collapsed in 1960
 1959  1960 WGME TV Tower, Raymond, Maine, USA  1959 495 1,624
 1960  1961 KFVS TV Mast, Cape Girardeau County, Missouri, USA  1960 511.1 1,677
 1961  1963 KTAL TV Tower, Vivian, Louisiana, USA  1961 534.3 1,753
 1963  1974 KVLY-TV mast, Blanchard, North Dakota, USA  1963 628.8 2,063
 1974  1991 Warsaw Radio Mast, Gąbin, Poland  1974 646.4 2,121 mast radiator insulated against ground, collapsed in 1991
 1991   KVLY-TV mast, Blanchard, North Dakota, USA  1963 628.8 2,063

Tallest structures, freestanding structures, and buildings

See also: List of tallest buildings in the world, List of tallest structures in the world

  • The structures list uses pinnacle height and includes architectural structures of any type. Only the four tallest are listed, as more than fifty US TV masts have stated heights of 600-610m (1969-2000 ft).
  • The freestanding structures list uses pinnacle height and includes structures over Template:M to ft that do not use guy- wires or other external supports.
  • The building list uses architectural height (excluding antennas) and includes only buildings, defined as consisting of habitable floors. Both of these follow CTBUH guidelines. All supertall buildings (300 m and higher) are listed.
  • Seven buildings appear on the freestanding structures list with higher heights, given the different measurement specifications of the two lists.
  • Collapsed historical structures are not included.
Rank Name and location Year
completed
Architectural top<ref>Height for inhabited buildings with floors; does not include TV towers and antennas.</ref> Floors
Structures
1 Template:Flagicon KVLY-TV mast, Blanchard, North Dakota, United States 1963 Template:M to ft
2 Template:Flagicon KXJB-TV mast, Galesburg, North Dakota, United States 1998 Template:M to ft
3 Template:Flagicon KXTV/KOVR Tower, Walnut Grove, California, United States 2000 Template:M to ft
4 Petronius Platform, Gulf of Mexico 2000 Template:M to ft
Freestanding structures
1 Template:Flagicon Burj Dubai, Dubai, United Arab Emirates (under construction) 2009 Template:M to ft
Template:M to ft (predicted)
162 (predicted)
2 Template:Flagicon CN Tower, Toronto, Ontario, Canada 1976 Template:M to ft
3 Template:Flagicon Ostankino Tower, Moscow, Russia 1967 Template:M to ft
4 Template:Flagicon Sears Tower, Chicago, United States 1974 Template:M to ft 110
5 Template:Flagicon Taipei 101, Taipei, Taiwan 2003 Template:M to ft 101
6 Template:Flagicon Shanghai World Financial Center, Shanghai, People's Republic of China (under construction) 2008 Template:M to ft 101
7 Template:Flagicon Oriental Pearl Tower, Shanghai, People's Republic of China 1996 Template:M to ft
8 Template:Flagicon John Hancock Center, Chicago, United States 1969 457 m (1,500 ft) 100
9 Template:Flagicon Petronas Tower I, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 1998 Template:M to ft 88
9 Template:Flagicon Petronas Tower II, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 1998 Template:M to ft 88
11 Template:Flagicon Empire State Building, New York City, United States 1936 449 (1,472 ft) 102
12 Template:Flagicon Milad Tower, Tehran, Iran 2007 Template:M to ft
13 Template:Flagicon Kuala Lumpur Tower, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 1995 Template:M to ft
14 Template:Flagicon Jin Mao Building, Shanghai, People's Republic of China 1998 Template:M to ft 88
15 Template:Flagicon Chimney of GRES-2 Power Station, Ekibastuz, Kazakhstan 1987 Template:M to ft
16 Template:Flagicon Two International Finance Centre, Hong Kong, People's Republic of China 2003 Template:M to ft 88
17 Template:Flagicon Tianjin Radio and Television Tower, Tianjin, People’s Republic of China 1991 Template:M to ft
18 Template:Flagicon Central TV Tower, Bejing, People’s Republic of China 1992 Template:M to ft
Buildings
1 Template:Flagicon Taipei 101, Taipei, Taiwan 2003 Template:M to ft 101
2 Template:Flagicon Shanghai World Financial Center, Shanghai, People's Republic of China (topped out) 2008 Template:M to ft 101
3 Template:Flagicon Petronas Tower I, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 1998 Template:M to ft 88
3 Template:Flagicon Petronas Tower II, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 1998 Template:M to ft 88
5 Template:Flagicon Sears Tower, Chicago, United States 1974 Template:M to ft 110
6 Template:Flagicon Jin Mao Building, Shanghai, People's Republic of China 1998 Template:M to ft 88
7 Template:Flagicon Two International Finance Centre, Hong Kong, People's Republic of China 2003 Template:M to ft 88
8 Template:Flagicon CITIC Plaza, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China 1997 Template:M to ft 80
9 Template:Flagicon Shun Hing Square, Shenzhen, People's Republic of China 1996 Template:M to ft 69
10 Template:Flagicon Empire State Building, New York, United States 1931 Template:M to ft 102
11 Template:Flagicon Central Plaza, Hong Kong, People's Republic of China 1992 Template:M to ft 78
12 Template:Flagicon Bank of China Tower, Hong Kong, People's Republic of China 1990 Template:M to ft 70
13 Template:Flagicon Emirates Office Tower, Dubai, United Arab Emirates 2000 Template:M to ft 54
14 Template:Flagicon Tuntex Sky Tower, Kaohsiung, Taiwan 1997 Template:M to ft 85
15 Template:Flagicon Aon Center, Chicago, United States 1973 Template:M to ft 83
16 Template:Flagicon The Center, Hong Kong, People's Republic of China 1998 Template:M to ft 73
17 Template:Flagicon John Hancock Center, Chicago, United States 1969 Template:M to ft 100
18 Template:Flagicon Rose Tower, Dubai, United Arab Emirates (topped out) 2007 Template:M to ft 72
18 Template:Flagicon Shimao International Plaza, Shanghai, People's Republic of China 2006 Template:M to ft 60
20 Template:Flagicon Minsheng Bank Building, Wuhan, People's Republic of China 2007 Template:M to ft 68
21 Template:Flagicon Ryugyong Hotel, Pyongyang, North Korea (topped out) 1992 Template:M to ft 105
22 Template:Flagicon Q1 Tower, Gold Coast City, Australia 2005 Template:M to ft 78
23 Template:Flagicon Burj al Arab Hotel, Dubai, United Arab Emirates 1999 Template:M to ft 60
24 Template:Flagicon Chrysler Building, New York, United States 1930 Template:M to ft 77
24 Template:Flagicon Nina Tower I, Hong Kong, People's Republic of China 2007 Template:M to ft 80
24 Template:Flagicon New York Times Building, New York, United States 2007 Template:M to ft 52
27 Template:Flagicon Bank of America Plaza, Atlanta, United States 1992 Template:M to ft 55
28 Template:Flagicon U.S. Bank Tower, Los Angeles, United States 1989 Template:M to ft 73
29 Template:Flagicon Menara Telekom, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 2001 Template:M to ft 55
30 Template:Flagicon Jumeirah Emirates Towers Hotel, Dubai, United Arab Emirates 2000 Template:M to ft 56
31 Template:Flagicon AT&T Corporate Center, Chicago, United States 1989 Template:M to ft 60
32 Template:Flagicon JPMorgan Chase Tower, Houston, United States 1982 Template:M to ft 75
33 Template:Flagicon Baiyoke Tower II, Bangkok, Thailand 1997 Template:M to ft 85
34 Template:Flagicon Two Prudential Plaza, Chicago, United States 1990 Template:M to ft 64
35 Template:Flagicon Wells Fargo Plaza, Houston, United States 1983 Template:M to ft 71
35 Template:Flagicon Kingdom Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia 2002 Template:M to ft 41
37 Template:Flagicon Aspire Tower, Doha, Qatar 2007 Template:M to ft 36

Source: Emporis

Future record-breaking structures

Template:Refimprovesect Numerous supertall skyscrapers are in various stages of proposal, planning, or construction. Each of these, depending on the order of completion, could become the world's tallest building or structure in at least one category:

Under construction

Proposed

  • Al Burj is a proposed skyscraper, also planned for Dubai, UAE, expected to be approximately Template:M to ft tall.

Never-built record-breaking structures

  • The Palace of Soviets in Moscow, planned in 1932, was to be 415 m (including a 100 m Lenin statue), and would have been the tallest building in the world at the time if completed. Construction was halted during World War II, during which the uncompleted structure was partially dismantled; its foundations were later to serve as the world's largest open-air swimming pool before themselves being razed in 1995.
  • Until late 1995, there were plans to rebuild the collapsed Template:Unit m Warsaw Radio Mast to its previous height on the same site, using the basements of the old mast. Although some refurbishment of the basements started, work was canceled after violent protests by local residents, who feared harmful radiation effects from the high-power transmitter served by the antenna. A new transmission facility with two smaller masts measuring 330 and 289 m was built as a replacement in 1998-99 at Solec Kujawski.

References

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External links

Template:TBSWcs:Nejvyšší budova na světě de:Liste der höchsten Gebäude ihrer Zeit es:Lista de rascacielos id:Struktur tertinggi dunia ka:მსოფლიოს უმაღლესი ნაგებობები nl:Lijst van hoogste bouwwerken ter wereld (chronologisch) no:Liste over skyskrapere nn:Liste over skyskraparar pl:Lista najwyższych budynków na świecie pt:Estruturas mais altas do mundo vi:Những công trình cao nhất thế giới tr:Dünyanın en uzun yapıları ur:بلند ترین عمارات